1. Armenian - official language
2. Russian - official language
The official languages of Artsakh are Armenian and Russian, with Armenian being the most widely spoken language in the region.
Armenian: Armenian is the primary official language of Artsakh, and it is also the language of the majority of the population. The Armenian language holds a significant cultural and historical importance in the region.
Russian: Russian serves as a second official language in Artsakh and is used in government, administration, and communication with Russian-speaking communities. Russian has a notable presence in the region, particularly among older generations.
Artsakh has a history marked by linguistic diversity, with various languages spoken in the region over the centuries. While Armenian and Russian are the current official languages, historical languages like Kurdish, Azerbaijani, and Tat have also had a presence in the area due to the region's complex history.
Basic Information about Artsakh:
Artsakh, also known as Nagorno-Karabakh, is a landlocked region in the South Caucasus, bordered by Armenia to the west and Azerbaijan to the east. The region has been a focal point of political and territorial disputes between Armenia and Azerbaijan, resulting in a complex political status. While it has declared itself an independent republic, its sovereignty remains a subject of international debate.
Interesting Facts about Artsakh:
Complex Political Situation: Artsakh's political status remains unresolved, with ongoing tensions between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The region declared independence in 1991, leading to a conflict with Azerbaijan. A ceasefire was declared in 1994, but the issue has yet to be fully resolved.
Cultural Heritage: Artsakh has a rich cultural heritage, with a history dating back to ancient times. The region is home to numerous historical sites, churches, and monasteries that reflect its Armenian heritage.
Natural Beauty: Artsakh is known for its stunning mountainous landscapes, including the picturesque Lake Sev in the heart of the region. The countryside is popular among hikers and nature enthusiasts.
Conflict and Reconstruction: The region has experienced the effects of conflict and has undergone periods of post-war reconstruction. Efforts are ongoing to rebuild and develop the area's infrastructure and economy.
Traditional Cuisine: Armenian cuisine, featuring dishes like dolma, lavash, and khorovats, is widely enjoyed in Artsakh, reflecting the culinary traditions of the Armenian people.
Independence Celebration: Artsakh celebrates its independence day on September 2nd each year, marking the anniversary of the proclamation of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic in 1991.